So often, a visit to a bookshop has cheered me and reminded me that there are good things in the world.
The depth of isolation in the ghetto is also evident in black speech patterns, which have evolved steadily away from Standard American English. Because of their intense social isolation, many ghetto residents have come to speak a language that is increasingly remote from that spoken by American whites. Black street speech, or more formally, Black English Vernacular, has its roots in the West Indian creole and Scots-Irish dialects of the eighteenth century. As linguists have shown, it is by no means a “degenerate,” or “illogical” version of Standard American English; rather, it constitutes a complex, rich, and expressive language in its own right, with a consistent grammar, pronunciation, and lexicon all its own.
Douglas Massey and Nancy A. Denton, Chapter 6: “The Perpetuation of the Underclass,” p. 162 (American apartheid: segregation and the making of the underclass)
As linguists have shown, it is by no means a “degenerate,” or “illogical” version of Standard American English; rather, it constitutes a complex, rich, and expressive language in its own right, with a consistent grammar, pronunciation, and lexicon all its own.
A good head and good heart are always a formidable combination. But when you add to that a literate tongue or pen, then you have something very special.
why is it okay for a black person to call another black person a nigger but when a white person does it, it's racist?
why is it that when rich white people invaded North America and killed millions of Native Americans they were called “settlers” but when poor Black and Brown people cross the border they’re called “illegals”?
why is it that when rich white people kidnapped sold and enslaved millions of Black people it was called a “trade”, but when poor Black and Brown people steal products it’s called “theft”?
to be white in the United States says nothing directly about an individual’s culture, ethnic heritage, or biological background. A society created to preserve “white culture” would be either very confused or tremendously disappointed. White culture does not exist. White power, privileges and prerogatives within capitalist society do exist.